And, if the gallbladder, which accumulates bile, successfully performs “its work,” most people do not know where it is. Everything changes as soon as problems arise.
Severe pain in the right hypochondrium accompanies most diseases of the gallbladder. It is there, right under the liver, is this digestive organ, similar to a small hollow pear.
Five most common diseases of the gallbladder
1. Dyskinesia of the biliary tract. Dyskinesia of the biliary tract or Biliary dyskinesia is a disease in which biliary part of the human digestive system can not move properly. The fact is that the muscles of the gallbladder and bile ducts should work in strict rhythm and coordination, ensuring the uninterrupted progression of the bile.
If suddenly there is a malfunction, then dyskinesia appears. There are many reasons for dyskinesia: nerves (neurosis, trauma, vegetal-vascular dystonia), infections, affected the diseases of the abdominal cavity organs (gastritis, duodenitis, peptic ulcer, enteritis, colitis), gynecological diseases, hormonal disorders, allergic reactions. Muscular weakness of the biliary tract also occurs with a sedentary lifestyle, malnutrition.
Symptoms: unstable acute pain in the right epigastric region. Sometimes they can be blunt and time-consuming. Attacks usually occur after excitement, less often after a violation of diet, intense physical exertion, and sometimes even without any apparent cause. In addition to pain, there may be constipation, diarrhea, as well as periodic attacks of nausea or even vomiting.
2. Gallstone disease. This is one of the most frequent complications of dyskinesia. Stones are formed from hardening bile due to violations of muscle contraction and under the influence of excess cholesterol. While the stones are still lying in the gallbladder, they practically do not make themselves felt. Problems begin when they move and block the bile duct leading to the intestine.
Symptoms of biliary colic
Symptoms of biliary colic: severe pain in the right hypochondrium or the upper abdomen, bitterness in the mouth, nausea, and vomiting. When a stone obstructs the duct, jaundice occurs.
The development of the disease is promoted by malnutrition, excessive consumption of fatty foods containing cholesterol. As well as cereals and flour dishes – they interfere with the solubility of cholesterol.
People who have a lot of vegetables, fruits, and milk in their diet, rarely “grow” gallstones in themselves. Obesity, diabetes, gout, kidney stone disease, metabolic disorders, arthritis, atherosclerosis, lack of vitamin A – also cause a threat of gallstones.
3. Cholecystitis This disease is a consequence of cholelithiasis. If the stone (with relatively small size) was able to pass the ducts and fall into the duodenum, the attack stops on its own.
But, if the stone was more significant and blocked the bile ducts, inflammation is likely. It is characterized by sudden severe pain, high fever, vomiting. In this case, the ambulance must be called necessarily. And before her arrival, in any case, do not put a warmer on the patient, do not try to clear the stomach.
It must be borne in mind that the cause of cholecystitis can be not only stoned. As with most problems with the gallbladder, a direct impetus to the outbreak of the inflammatory process is often overeating, especially the consumption of fatty and spicy foods, as well as alcohol.
Symptoms of chronic cholecystitis
Symptoms: for chronic cholecystitis, dull, aching (sometimes sharp) pain in the gallbladder is constant or occurs 1-3 hours after a heavy meal or physical exertion. Pain can be given to the neck, back of the neck, right shoulder, and shoulder blade.
Often there is a feeling of bitterness and metallic taste in the mouth, belching, nausea, flatulence; it is possible to alternate constipation and diarrhea, as well as irritability, insomnia. Jaundice is not typical.
4. Parasitic diseases of the gallbladder. Most often they occur in childhood. And in sometimes it happens when a baby eats some lousy thing like Mud or too many sweet foods.
Characteristic symptoms are gallbladder pain, indigestion, bowel dysfunction, sometimes fever, chills, weight loss, skin itching. The diagnosis can be made only with the help of individual tests.
Parasitic lesions often lead to inflammatory processes in the gallbladder.
5. Tumors. Cancer of the gallbladder takes the fifth place among malignant tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. In benign tumors (adenomas, fibroids, papillomas, etc.), symptoms typical of chronic cholecystitis are common, and sometimes a person does not notice any changes at all. The diagnosis is established based on the results of cholecystography, ultrasound.
Heart cancer occurs against a background of gallstone disease in an early stage “masking” their symptoms under it. This is his cunning. When symptoms appear that are specific to oncology – intense, persistent pain and palpable tuberous tumour in the right hypochondrium, jaundice, loss of body weight, increasing weakness, anemia – as a rule, the gallbladder infection is already very far away.
This state of affairs is another, perhaps the most weighty argument for a timely visit to a doctor for any ailments associated with the gallbladder.
To improve the proper functioning of the muscles of the gallbladder, doctors advise:
- take food at the same time, 4-5 times a day, and in small portions;
- Do not wear clothes that tighten the abdomen (corsets, tight belts);
- do not go to bed for 2 hours after eating;
- when lifting weights, when washing the floor, working in the garden area, it is advisable not to bend over but squat;
- the bed should be placed on a slight slope, lifting the head to 3-4 cm (you can put a bar under the legs);
- it is advisable to stop using carbonated drinks, spicy and salty foods, marinades, fatty, sweet, roast and smoked;
- physical exercises, not associated with lifting weights and healthy tension of abdominal muscles, are not contraindicated, but even useful.
In the treatment of diseases, the use of mineral waters in sanatoria is quite useful.
Contraindications for the spa treatment – the presence of stones in the gallbladder. And doctors advise drinking mineral water only in a slightly warmed (40-45 degrees) form. One glass for half an hour before eating, for a month.
As an, it was bile that determined the character of a person. The abundance of light bile in the body allegedly makes him an unbalanced choleric. Excess of dark bile produces a gloomy mood, characteristic of melancholics.
And in that, and in another word, it is not by chance that the syllable “Hol” is present – in Greek, it means “bile.” And although doctors have long denied this theory, irritable people are also called Riley today.