The months of April and March are the best for growing different kinds of vegetables and fruits seeds. – it’s time to start growing seedlings, it’s a hot time for all truck farmers. Let’s imagine a selection of the most common mistakes in growing seedlings so that you can avoid them and get healthy plants, and then – a rich harvest.
Usually, there are some common mistakes in growing seeds that people are unaware of these mistakes. They should cope up with these challenge for growing better foods. Below there are some common mistakes that you should avoid them while growing seeds.
The First and most common mistake is
Improper Storage of Seeds
We hope that you have selected the correct seeds in packets for growing seedlings. Or they collected the seeds from the previous harvest. However, often this is not enough to ensure high germination. It’s not right to buy and collect seeds, you need to keep them correctly.
Important! Hot and too humid air is the main enemy of seeds. Store them at a temperature not exceeding +15 ° C. Humidity should not be higher than 50%. It is also advisable to restrict air access.
With high humidity, the seeds spoil very quickly, they can become mouldy and cannot get seedlings.
The second mistake is
The Wrong Preparation Of Seeds For Planting
A lot of mistakes truck farmers can do, trying to decontaminate, harden, warm and germinate seeds.
Important! If the seeds you bought in the package have a blue or pink color, they have already been treated with fungicides and do not need to be disinfected!
If the seeds were collected by you personally and did not undergo treatment with fungicides, it would be correct to treat them with a solution of potassium permanganate: 5 grams per half a litre of water. Seeds should be held in a solution of 15, a maximum of 30 minutes, then be sure to rinse and then after soaking in clean water at room temperature for 8 hours.
For seeds germination, it is convenient to use ready-made cotton wool discs, although it is possible and in the old manner – on a soft cloth moistened with water. For hardening, soaked seeds can be placed in a refrigerator for 12 hours, and then transferred again to a warm place. This is useful if you plan to plant seedlings in the open ground in the spring when there is still a risk of frost.
The Third Mistake Is Bad Soil
If your garden is fertile chernozem, of course, you can take the soil directly from your site. However, it should be decontaminated. Experts believe that it is best for this purpose to warm the earth in the oven at a temperature of up to +90 ° C. So, useful substances will be preserved, and all pests will die. As an option – you can steam the soil over boiling water for 30 minutes, but such a soil will lose some of the useful properties. For steaming the soil, a steamer can also be used.
In specialized stores, you can also buy ready-made soil mixtures for seedlings of vegetables. Or add peat (two parts), fine sand (one part) and hummus (also two parts) to the ground from your garden. Such a primer, for example, is excellent for growing pepper seedlings.
The 4th Mistake – Too Thick Seeding
Some truck farmers believe that seeds can be planted densely, and then simply break through as necessary. This is a wrong approach. For example, cucumbers and even better to plant in separate pots – two or three seeds. The distance between the seeds of pepper should be 1.5-2 centimetres, tomatoes – 3-4 centimetres.
Too much sowing will result in plants interfering with each other, part of the seedling will be painful, thin, not adapted to further growth. In addition, the risk of diseases, in particular, of the black leg will increase.
No Five – Wrong Watering
You know that you can not water the seedlings straight from the tap? It should be room temperature, stable for at least 24 hours, you can use thawed water, filtered, but not boil – all the useful substances in it are destroyed.
The soil should be watered before planting the seeds. The first time to water just from a mug or other capacity is impossible – the seeds will be clogged at too deep a depth and will rise longer. Use a spray gun, spray to moisten the soil, but do not fill it! When the seedlings become stronger, it will be possible to carry out regular watering, but carefully – and too dry, and too moist soil is equally harmful to plants.
At last two councils on the correct cultivation of seedlings:
The best place for boxes and pots with plants is a well-lit, warm window sill. At the time of puncturing the seeds, you can cover the boxes with a film, make a mini-greenhouse.
It is desirable to feed the seedlings at least twice – when the first real leaflets appear and 10 days before transplanting to an open ground or a greenhouse. For fertilizing complex fertilizers with nitrogen and phosphorus are used.
So above all are the common mistakes that people and farmers do while growing seeds. It is our advice for all formers and people who have to wish to make their home into a beautiful garden. If you follow and cope up with the above mistakes then we guarantee you that you will get a better result.